Thursday, March 26, 2015

Wyeth's war sonnets illustrated: 2. "Huppy"

An aerial view of Huppy with the church clearly visible
in the center of the village, and one end of the chateau
emerging from trees to the right.
 33rd Division Headquarters are established in the chateau in Huppy on the afternoon of 31 May, 1918, described by a field clerk with HQ as “a chateau, pleasantly situated amid trees, shrubbery and flowers.”

The speaker in Wyeth’s sonnet is evidently positioned somewhere just outside the park-like environs of this chateau, within sight of the “slim white belfry” of the village church, located close to the chateau entrance.

"... the slim white belfry by the park."


So many shadows that the air is green . . .
Light catches in the upper leaves and dies
along the slim white belfry by the park.
Ducks waddle home, self-conscious on the ground.
Some trim young Red Tabs in a limousine
scatter a drifting dust cloud in our eyes.
A soldier blithely whistles Joan of Arc.
Gates shut and jangle . . . Bugles thinly sound . . .
Twilight, and after mess a round of ‘fine.’

They’re bombing Abbeville!  Lights crack, searchlights rise---
A woman runs and screams “Jules--- Jean--- ou etes-vous?
They fill the road . . . one hails me in the dark,
her five grandchildren pressing close around---
“Qu’allons-nous faire?--- Nous avons peur chez nous!”.

 The two postcards below show the chateau where Headquarters 33rd Division was established during its stay in Eu.

The postcard below provides a view of the road leading northward out of Huppy towards Abbeville, which was bombed by German Gothas every evening. As recorded in The History of the 33rdDivision,
“At this time the town of Abbeville was so severely bombed almost every night by enemy aeroplanes that slow evacuation was begun. The German preparation for their anticipated drive to the sea via Amiens and Abbeville was apparently well underway.”

The road leading north out of Huppy to Abbeville.

Wyeth's war sonnets illustrated: 1. "Oisemont: Place de la Mairie"

The "blank Mairie" and "the gaunt old belfry".

From time to time, as I come across appropriate period photographs, I will post descriptive passages from Wyeth’s war sonnets together with photographs that illustrate the same scenes. First up, the “Place de la Mairie” in Oisemont.

OISEMONT: Place de la Mairie
The shadows slant along the dusty square
that tilts haphazard past the blank Mairie.
Grey timid little houses hand in hand
step gingerly downhill. A yellow wall,
branded Hotel du Soleil d’Or--- down there
the zinc and tinware sign Quincaillerie.
Up from the rest camp swings a Highland band
and people swarm and clutter . . . children call.
The pipers drone a shrill nostalgic air
below my window in the Mercerie,
kilts flapping while the drumsticks thump and fly.
The gaunt old belfry tolls a reprimand,
and as the drums stop and the bagpipes squall
a long slow dingy funeral crawls by.

It is the evening of May 26th,1918. Lieutenant Wyeth and his fellow officers have been on board a series of troop trains since mid-afternoon of the previous day, travelling from Brest on the coast to Paris to Beauvais, arriving in Oisemont in the early evening, after nearly 30 hours of travel. 

Wyeth has been given a room in the Mercerie and is able to look down on the city square from his window, with still enough light remaining to see a Scottish band marching through the square, followed by a funeral procession. 

 This same Scottish band will be observed several days later, on June 2, by the men of the 131st Infantry, 33rd Division, as they pass through Oisemont on their way to the nearby village of Huppy, and it will be seen yet again, on the evening of June 6th, in Huppy itself, by a field clerk on the 33rd Division Headquarters staff, who notes in his diary that some of the kilted pipers have tattooed knees. 

The two landmarks mentioned in the sonnet, the “blank Marie” and the “gaunt old belfry” of the church, can be seen in the postcard above. The subsequent postcards show the same scene from several different angles. All the postcards date from shortly before the war.

Friday, November 7, 2014

Tim Kendall to present paper on John Allan Wyeth at British Academy conference, "The First World War: Literature, Culture, Modernity"

Tim Kendall
As part of a two-day conference in London on 12-13 November at the British Academy on The First World War: Literature, Culture, Modernity, Professor Tim Kendall, University of Exeter, will be presenting a paper on Wyeth, entitled "John Allan Wyeth’s War in Fifty-Odd Sonnets".  Kendall's abstract for his paper is as follows:

"During his lifetime, John Allan Wyeth (1894-1981) won a minor reputation as a painter: his obituary in the Trenton Times was perfunctory in praising a ‘noted area artist’. The newspaper should be forgiven for making no mention of Wyeth's verse. Even his close family had no idea that he had published a book of poems, This Man's Army, in 1928.

This Man’s Army is a sequence of 55 sonnets mapping, often in documentary detail, Wyeth’s experiences as a second lieutenant in France during the second half of 1918. Although it received several positive notices, the book soon disappeared from view, only to be rediscovered and reprinted eighty years later by the military historian B. J. Omanson. Its significance is gradually becoming recognised: Dana Gioia calls it ‘probably the only volume [by an American] that stands comparison with the work of the best British soldier poets’.

I will explore the radical strangeness of Wyeth's best sonnets as they string snatches of vernacular dialogue across lines. He has been associated with Modernism, for which there is a biographical prompt: based in Rapallo during 1926, Wyeth seems to have counted Ezra Pound as a friend. Yet Wyeth’s knack of catching speech rhythms and bringing them into complex relation with formal and metrical traditions shows a greater debt to Robert Frost. Wyeth, like Frost, seeks to ‘drag and break the intonation across the meter’, creating a sequence both garrulous and precise as it picks its way through troop trains, hospitals, trenches and brothels towards an understated and ambivalent victory."

 The aim of the conference as a whole is to "... bring together some of the world’s leading experts and emerging scholars to reassess [the Great War's] literary and cultural impact and explore its vexed relationship to modernity..."   A more complete description of the conference, with a list of the presenters and a copy of the conference programme, can be found here.

Tim Kendall is Professor of English at Exeter.  He edited Poetry of the First World War, Modern English War Poetry, and The Oxford Handbook of British and Irish Poetry, and presented Ivor Gurney: The Poet Who Loved the War for BBC TV. He is President of The War Poets Association, and owner of the blog War Poetry. Links to several of his other essays on John Allan Wyeth can be found in the "Wyeth Links" section of this site.

Friday, January 31, 2014

Newly discovered letter discussing Wyeth's sonnets

Just today I received in the mail a copy of the rare 1928 Harold Vinal edition of Wyeth's This Man's Army.  The copy was inscribed to a "Mr. White" by one Craig Wylie who, at the time, was a student at Harvard and who, in the 1950s, would serve as editor in chief at Houghton Mifflin.

Laid into the book is a hand-written letter from Mr Wylie to a Mr White, discussing Wyeth's sonnets.  In the letter, dated March 6, 1929, Wylie recommends the sonnets and refers to a conversation he had with Wyeth about the sonnets' unusual rhyme-scheme, as well as their unorthodox subject matter.  Wylie writes:

"Here is the long-promised copy of John's book.  They really should be read through, though the more conventional ones, I think, form very lovely single sonnets.  I wish you'd let me know what you really think of the book.  ... 

I particularly like the sonnets on pages 1, 3, 4, 6, 12, 16, 18, 21, 23, 25, 27 (which, John says, happened word for word), 37, 45, 46, 47 (?), 54.

What do you think of the less orthodox ones and of the rhyme-scheme?  The latter, John said, he used instead of a regular one because they were supposed to be read through and the closely-recurring rhyme would become monotonous.  I don't know whether I think he's justified in calling them sonnets-- do you?  And he admits that many of these are not sonnet subjects, but he thought, on the whole, that a modified sonnet form was the best for the sequence.

On reading these again, I really get a great kick out of many of them-- he surely has talent, don't you think? .. "


The sonnets singled out by Wylie and designated by page number are as follows:

1: Camp Upton: Sailing Orders
3: The Transport, I
4: The Transport, II
6: The Waterfront (twice underlined)
12: Huppy
16: The Seashore (thrice underlined)
18: Molliens-au-Bois
21: Molliens-au-Bois: Air Raid
23: Molliens-au-Bois: The Village Road  (once underlined)
27: Molliens-au-Bois: Home Mail (which Wyeth said happened word for word)
37: Chipilly Ridge: Through the Valley
45: Tronville-en-Barrois: Night Watch  (twice underlined)
47: Fromereville: War in Heaven (followed by a parathetical question mark)
54: Souilly: Hospital

On the whole, Wylie's favorite sonnets are the more conventional, less experimental ones.  He tends to favor the more lyrical sonnets tinged with pensiveness, but he also singles out several in which the war is starkly displayed.

As to the identiy  of the book's owner, the mysterious "Mr. White"--- without an address or Christian name, or any other clue, his identity must remain unknown for now.  If anyone knows more about the friendship of John Wyeth and Craig Wylie, or about Craig Wylie's circle of literary friends at Harvard in 1929, please leave your comments here.

Craig Wylie died in 1977.  His obituary, published in the Harvard Alumni Horae, (Volume 57, Issue 1, Spring 1977, page 42), reads as follows:

1926-Craig Wylie, retired managing and executive editor of Houghton, Mifflin Co., book publishers, died at his home in Cambridge, Massachusetts, December 6, 1976. He was sixty-eight years old. He was born in Washington, D. C., and came to St. Paul's in the Third Form in 1922. A self-assured and convincing speaker, he became a member of the Cadmean debating team and was treasurer of the Missionary Society. He was also on the Isthmian track team and football squad in his Sixth Form year. After graduating from St. Paul's and Harvard, he joined the School faculty in 1930 as a teacher of French. He stayed on the faculty for twelve years, but from 1935 to 1939 was given leave of absence from teaching to serve in the New Hampshire State Legislature. From 1942 to 1945, he served in Naval Intelligence in Washington, in antisubmarine warfare duty in the North Atlantic, and as executive officer at the antisubmarine warfare training center at Pearl Harbor. He was detached from active duty after the war with the rank of lieutenant commander. His first position in civilian life after the war was field secretary of the Massachusetts Commission for World Federation. In 1946 he joined Houghton, Mifflin, and for the next twenty-seven years served successively as a general editor, managing editor, executive editor, editor in chief, and vice-president and director of the trade book division. He retired in 1973. He was a member of the Tavern Club and the Club of Odd Volumes, both of Boston; the Century Club of New York City, and the Massachusetts and New Hampshire Historical Societies. In addition, he was a trustee of the Boston Atheneum and was a member of the corporation and vestry of the Church of the Advent in Boston. He was a loyal alumnus of St. Paul's, a man of high personal standards and generous spirit who had many friends among his schoolmates, students and co-workers.

Tuesday, December 18, 2012

Earliest appearance of Wyeth in print: at age 14

Thanks once again to Roger Allen's assiduous research, a very early piece on Wyeth has been brought to light: an article in the December 1908 issue of The Confederate Veteran, discussing fourteen-year-old John Allan Wyeth, Jr.'s recent literary accomplishments.  Also included is young Wyeth's most recent effort, a poem entitled  "To Schonberg". 

Unsurprisingly, the poem is in no way remarkable, a schoolboy's exercise which never attains to any originality or felicity.  What it does demonstrate is that even at this young age, Wyeth already possesses a sound understanding of basic poetic vocabulary, syntax, metrics and rhyme, and an evident familiarity with English and Classical poetic tradition.  In other words, a capable grasp of the fundamentals.

These days such ability and understanding in a fourteen-year-old boy would be unusual indeed, to say the least.  In Wyeth's day, similar exercises were commonly assigned in school, and ability such as Wyeth's, even at fourteen, might have been praiseworthy, but was probably not rare.  That a fourteen-year-old boy possessed a serious interest in literature at all is probably the truer rarity.

Together with Wyeth's later work in the Aesthetic mode while at Princeton (see Wyeth the Aesthete), we now possess at least a few clues as to Wyeth's development as a poet, which would result ultimately in work of striking originality and consummate craft.  But that would not be for another twenty years, and an entire war later.

The full article, as it appeared in the December 1908 issue of The Confederate Veteran, appears below:


The Veteran is proud of the achievements of the fourteen-year-old son of Dr. John A. Wyeth, an ex-Confederate soldier, author of the “Life of Lieut. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest” and President of the New York Southern Society.

John Allan Wyeth, Jr. first came into public notice in his thirteenth year as the author of a poetic drama entitled “The Weaker Man,” which was written for and accepted and is to be produced upon the stage by the distinguished actor, Mr. E.H. Sothern, who declared it to be “remarkable as literature of great dramatic merit.”

The writing of the play came about in this way: Its author, having witnessed a performance of “The Sunken Bell,” a symbolic play rich in poetic suggestion as rendered by Mr. Sothern and Miss Julia Marlowe, ventured to write a criticism upon the play and the performance.

This criticism attracted Mr. Sothern’s attention to such an extent that it resulted in his requesting Master John to try his hand at a play.

A contract was made, and within two months’ time the child forwarded to Mr. Sothern the poetic drama entitled “The Weaker Man,” which was promptly accepted by the great artist.

Among a number of minor poems written by this young author is the one printed herewith.

It was written under the excitement of a letter received from a playmate whose father had bought and rehabilitated a famous and, for several centuries, deserted castle on the Rhine.

The letter gave a graphic description of the castle, its secret passages and haunted towers, with its history, which dated back to medieval times, and also told of the beauties of the river Rhine and the surrounding picturesque country.

The poem was written within an hour of the receipt of this letter and is printed verbatim et literatim as then written:


TO SHONBERG by John Allan Wyeth, Jr.

Hail to thee, noblest castle on the Rhine.
   Far famed in ancient history for strength!
The Rhine beneath thee curves about they base
   And lays before thy feet her sinuous length.

Apollo sinks behind the distant hills
   And hurls his feeble rays about the sky,
While softly glowing is the evening star,
   And night falls, placing all her lights on high.

The river ripples and the grasses sway;
   The moonlit leaves turn from the gentle wind.
About thee in the woods a boar is heard,
   Or else a leaping deer or startled hind.

Pale Dian slips between the angry clouds
   Which seek to thwart her in her chariot white,
Till, closing round her with a rumbling sound,
   They hide her gracious form and welcome light.

The storm clouds sweep along the ruffled Rhine,
   A deadly silence fills the startled air;
The breathless land awaits the tempest’s force
   With fearful expectation everywhere.

Amidst the storm thy turret-crowned head
   Is lifted as in scorn.  Against the gale
Thy stony strength thou wagest till at last
   The storm retreats and dies into a wail.

Then smiles the morn upon the fruitful fields;
   The birds sing, twittering their merry lays;
While thou, serene, majestic, stand’st aloft
   Within they dream of medieval days.

Monday, May 21, 2012

More about the friendship of John Wyeth and Edmund Wilson

Edmund Wilson at Princeton
Several more bits of information regarding the friendship of John Allan Wyeth and Edmund Wilson can be gleaned from two sources, Wilson's A Prelude: Landscapes, Characters and Conversations from the Earlier Years of My Life, and Lewis M. Dabney's Edmund Wilson: A Life in Literature. (Thanks to Roger Allen for suggesting both of these sources).

Wilson was first introduced to Wyeth by his cousin and near-constant companion of his early years, Ruell "Sandy" Kimball. Wilson described Wyeth as "one of Sandy's New York friends". (1) This was before their time together at Princeton.

Wyeth was particularly fond of the music of Debussy, which on one occasion he played at such a late hour ("rapt in irridescent dreams", by Wilson's description), that several would-be slumberers shouted from their beds, "Cut out the god-damned noise!", and other similar requests. (2)

The Princeton "Charter Club"
Wilson and Wyeth were both members of the Charter Club, where Wyeth was frequently heard on the piano. The two young men often sat together at meals, conversing. According to Wyeth, Wilson would stick firmly to literary topics even when the general drift of table conversation tended to subjects of more immediate and less esoteric interest. (3)

Wilson describes Wyeth as a loner, "without a crowd of his own", and with little apparent interest in making friends. The one exception was medievalist "Bert" Friend, Wyeth's closest companion, who would later become a leading authority on Byzantine art and early manuscript illumination. (4)

Wyeth and Friend at one point in 1915 made plans to inhabit a cottage in the chateau district of France and "amuse themselves by playing Debussy!" (exclamation point Wilson's). (5)

According to Wilson, the only students at Princeton who had read Henry James seriously were Wyeth and himself, and he credits Wyeth with leading him to a sympathetic understanding of James' mannered period style and involuted dialogue. (6)

Wilson describes Wyeth lingering in Princeton after graduation (in 1916), and quotes him with amusement: "I'm really getting perfectly maudlin, you know. I feel as if I were sliding off a slippery precipice, over a yawning abyss-- just struggling to get a foothold!" (7)

That Wilson and Wyeth remained in contact after leaving Princeton is shown by a conversation referred to in Dabney's biography, which took place between the two men sometime in 1955. Wilson's book The Scrolls from the Dead Sea had recently been published in The New Yorker and Wilson saw his role as helping to put forth an historical view of Christianity, to compensate for the view of Jesus as miracle worker and redeemer, which was waning in those years. To Wyeth he spoke of following in the footsteps of Voltaire and Renan. (8) Wyeth's side of the conversation unfortunately has not been preserved.

Though none of these details is of particular significance as such, taken all together they suggest a long-term friendship between the two men of real intellectual substance and, again, make Wilson's silence towards-- or ignorance of-- Wyeth's poetry all the more inexplicable.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

1).   Edmund Wilson, A Prelude: Landscapes, Characters and Conversations from the Earlier Years of My Life  (NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1967), p 107.
2).  Wilson, A Prelude, p 107.
3).  Lewis M. Dabney, Edmund Wilson: A Life in Literature  (NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005),  p 45.
4).  Wilson, A Prelude,  pp 107-8.
5).  Wilson, A Prelude,  p 121.
6).  Wilson, A Prelude,  pp 108-9.  Also, Dabney, Edmund Wilson,  p 46.
7).  Wilson, A Prelude,  p 123.
8).  Dabney, Edmund Wilson,  p 413.

Tuesday, May 1, 2012

Princeton literati in the World War

F. Scott Fitzgerald in his
Brooks Brothers uniform
(new information added 9 May)

At Princeton University, immediately prior to America's entry in the war in April, 1917, the leading literary coterie on campus included F. Scott Fitzgerald, Edmund Wilson, Martin Townsend, Stanley Dell, Raymond Holden, Alex McKaig, Henry Chapin, "Teek" Whipple, Bill Mackie and John Peale Bishop.

Fellow classman John Allan Wyeth was on friendly terms with the group, socialized with them at the Charter Club where he played piano, but remained peripheral to them. Wyeth would appear several times in Wilson's diary, and at least once in Fitzgerald's letters. As late as the 1950s, Wyeth and Wilson were still in contact with one another, which makes Wilson's silence on Wyeth's poetry puzzling. A possible explanation is that Wilson never chanced to hear of This Man's Army, while Wyeth, for whatever reason, chose not to bring the book to Wilson's attention.

Wilson, Fitzgerald and Bishop, of course, require no introduction.

Henry Chapin published epic verse in the 1930s recounting the Viking discovery of America, and in the 1970s on the settlement of the American West. He also published books on the ecology of man and the sea.

In his introduction to A Book of Princeton Verse 1916, editor Alfred Noyes wrote: This book of Princeton verse is selected from poems written during the last six years on the Princeton campus, with the exception of one poem by a Princeton man in France. (1) That unnamed poet already in the war was Stanley Dell.  After the war, he and Edmund Wilson made plans to bring out a volume of realistic short stories about the war, but this project was evidently abandoned. He was a journalist for a time after the war, wrote criticism of French literature, and translated Carl Jung's Modern Man in Search of a Soul, a translation which is still in print.

Raymond Holden published books of poetry, natural history, regional history and biography. He was the husband of poet Louise Bogan.

Bill Mackie wrote a brilliant spoof as an undergraduate in the style of Samuel Pepys which was so plausible it was catalogued at the Yale library  as the authentic letter of a seventeenth-century English Lord, one "William, Lord Mackie".  But Mackie never fulfilled his early promise, becoming the campus drunk and flunking out of Princeton. Edmund Wilson, with whom he had discovered Latin poetry, wrote of him in later years, "I have never known anyone droller, or more sensitive to literature."  (2)

Alex McKaig was a playwright, but is perhaps best remembered now for the detailed diary he kept during the late teens and early twenties when he was closely associated with Fitzgerald, Wilson and Bishop.

Martin Townsend was a playwright and screenwriter.

Thomas King "Teek" Whipple was a literary historian of some note whose books explored the interelations of literature and social and economic conditions. He taught at Princeton and the University of California at Berkeley.

All eleven men served in the military during the World War. The essential details of each writer's service are set out below. I have listed them in order of their dates of enlistment. Holden was the first to enlist, and served under General "Black Jack" Pershing" along the Mexican Border during the Pancho Villa troubles. Dell enlisted a month after Holden, and was the first to serve in France.  Both Dell and Townsend served as volunteer ambulance drivers in the American Field Service before America's entry into the war, and both were awarded the Croix de Guerre for valor.  Wyeth served the longest period of time at the front line.  Fitzgerald cut the most dashing figure in uniform, but never set foot in France.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~
RAYMOND PECKHAM HOLDEN served in the Mexican Border Service, Machine Gun Troop, Squadron A.N.Y. National Guard, from June 1916 to January 1917.  He was discharged due to physical disability.  He then served in the Red Cross service from November 1917 to March 1919 as follows: supervisor of After Care (care of discharged soldiers), Boston Metropolitan Chapter; associate director, Bureau of After Care, New England Division, American Red Cross, and assistant to director of Civilian Relief, Atlantic Division.

WILLIAM STANLEY DELL served in the American Field Service, S.S.U. 4, French Army, Ordre Service Sante, 31 Corps d’Armee, from July to December 1916.  He was awarded the Croix de Guerre in November 1916, with following the citation:  Volunteer driver of devoted loyalty, showed great coolness and energy by making a very dangerous trip in broad daylight to bring back to an ambulance from a first-aid station a non-commissioned officer, who had been severely wounded and whose condition necessitated immediate attention.

EDMUND WILSON, JR began his service at the Plattsburg Training Camp, NewYork where he trained from August to September 1916.  He entered the US Army in May 1917, in Detroit, Michigan as a private, stationed at the Medical Corps, Base Hospital Unit 36 in Detroit from August. to November 1917.  He sailed for France in November 1917, was stationed at Vittel in the Vosges until October 1918,  transferred to the Intelligence Corps in October, was stationed at Chaumont from October 1918 to May 1919, was promoted to sergeant in the Interpreters’ Corps, October 1918, returned to the U.S. in May 1919 and was discharged in July 1919.

TOWNSEND MARTIN served in the American Ambulance Field Service, Section 29, in France from March to October 1917.  He entered the French Army in October 1917 in Paris, as an élève aspirant in the Artillery.  He attended the French Artillery School at Fontainebleau from October 1917 to February 1918, was promoted to aspirant in the Heavy Artillery in February 1918.  He served in the Army of Occupation in Germany from November 1918 until his discharge in March 1919.  Martin was awarded the Croix de Guerre in October 1917 with the following citation:  "A fait preuve comme conducteur d'une auto sanitaire de beaucoup de courage et de sang froid, particulierement pendat les operations de la cote 304 en avril 1917 ou les evacuations ont ete faites sur une route vue de l'ennemi et violemment bombardee."  Subsequently he was awarded a second Croix de Guerre.

ALEXANDER LAUGHLIN McKAIG entered the U.S. Naval Reserve Force on March 26, 1917, at Newport, Rhode Island, where he served with the rank of quartermaster 2nd class from March 26 to October 1, 1917.  He was commissioned as ensign on September 12, 1917 and served at Annapolis from October 1, 1917 to February 1, 1918, at which time was assigned to the destroyer USS Dyer.  He served off Gibraltar from December 14, 1918, to March 22, 1919, and in the Panama Canal from March 22 to July 1919  He was discharged on July 5, 1919.

HENRY CHAPIN  entered 1st ROTC, May  12, 1917 at Plattsburg, New York.  He was commissioned captain in the infantry, Nov. 20, 1917; stationed Camp Leon Sprints, Texas, Nov. to Dec. 1917; attached Company M., 4th Regiment, Signal Corps, Camp Hancock, Ga., Dec. 1917 to May 1918; Depot Brigade, Camp Green, N.C., May to Sept. 1918; supply officer, 64th Pioneer Infantry, Camp Taylor, Ky., Oct. 1918, until discharged Mar. 4, 1919.

WILLIAM HENRY TROTTER MACKIE  entered 1st ROTC May 15, 1917 at Fort Meyer, Virginia.  He was commissioned a captain in the Infantry on August 14, 1917, was  assigned to the 315th Machine Gun Battalion, 80th Division at Camp Lee, Virginia, and sailed for France in May 1918.  From July 1 to September 30 he attended the School of the Line in Langres.  He participated in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive from October 3 to 27, 1918.  He returned to the US in May 1919 and was discharged on June 12.

JOHN PEALE BISHOP  entered 2nd ROTC at Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indiana, on August 27, 1917.  He was commissioned 1st lieutenant in the infantry on November 27, 1917.  He served with Division Headquarters Troop, Camp Zachary Taylor, Kentucky, from December 15, 1917 to May 30, 1918.  He then served at Camp Sherman, Ohio from May 30 to August 15, 1918, sailed for France on September 11, 1918, and was attached to 309th Headquarters Troop, 84th Division.  On December 20 he was placed in command of Prisioner War Escort Company No. 257.  He returned to the US on October 27, 1919, and was discharged on October 30.

FRANCIS SCOTT FITZGERALD entered the Army on November 26, 1917, at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas as a provisional 2nd lieutenant, 45th Infantry. He was stationed at Fort Leavenworth from November 1917 to February 1918.  From February to April 1918 he was attached to 45th Infantry, Camp Taylor, Kentucky, and was at Camp Gordon, Georgia from April to June 1918.  He was promoted to 1st lieutenant, Infantry, in June 1918, was with 68th Infantry, Camp Sheridan, Alabama from June to December 1918, and served as aide-de-camp to General Ryan, 17th Infantry Brigade, 9th Division, Camp Sheridan, from December 1918 to February 1919.  He was discharged on February 14.

JOHN ALLAN WYETH, JR  entered the Army on December 28, 1917, at New York, NY, as a 2nd lieutenant in the Corps of Interpreters.  He was assigned to 33rd Division, Divisional Headquarters, at Camp Logan, Texas, from January 3 to May 1, 1918.  He was at Camp Upton, NY, from May 1 to 16, 1918, sailed for France in May 1918, and participated in operations with the British on the Somme until August 20, 1918, then at Verdun, until being hospitalized for influenza in September.  After the Armistice he served with the Army of Occupation in Germany and Luxembourg.  He was detached from 33rd Division and stationed in Paris in April 1919.  He returned to the US in July 1919 and was discharged on October 23, 1919.

THOMAS KING WHIPPLE entered the Marine Corps on April 29, 1918, and trained at Paris Island, South.Carolina until June 15, 1918.  He sailed for France in June, but was soon hospitalized, and was moved among various hospitals from June to December 1918.  He returned to the US in January 1919, was stationed at Portsmouth, Virginia from January to May 1919, and was discharged on May 31.  (3)

---particular thanks to Roger Allen for uncovering new information regarding Wilson and Wyeth.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~
1. (Alfred Noyes, ed).  A Book of Princeton Verse 1916.  (Princeton, NY: Princeton University Press, 1917).
2. Dabney, Lewis M.  Edmund Wilson: A Life in Literature.  (NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005), p 48.
3.  The service records of  the Princeton 'literati' are all taken from Princeton in the World War  (Princeton, NY: Princeton University Press, 1932).